American Psychiatric Association (APA). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, third edition. (DSM-III), Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1980: 238.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder, third edition revised (DSM-III-R), Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1987: 247-251.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. (DSM-IV), Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1994: 424-429.
Burgess AW, Holmstrom LL. Rape: sexual disruption and recovery. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1979; 49(4): 648-657.
Burstein A. Posttaumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 1985; 46(7):300-301.
Cole PM, Putnam FW. Effect of incest on self and social functioning: a developmental psychopathology perspective. J Consult Clin Psychol 1992; 60(2): 174-184.
Davidson J. Issues in the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Review of Psychiatry 1993; 12: 141-155.
Flannery R. From victim to survivor: a stress management approach in the treatment of learned helplessness. Van der Kolk (ed.). Psychological trauma. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1987: 217-232.
Flannery RB Jr, Flannery GJ. Sense of coherence, life stress, and psychological distress: a prospective methodological inquiry. J Clin Psychol 1990; 46(4): 415-420.
Frye JS, Stockton RA. Discriminant analysis of posttraumatic stress disorder among a group of Vietnam veterans. Am J Psychiatry 1982; 139(1): 52-56.
Green MA, Berlin MA. Five psychosocial variables related to the existence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. J Clin Psychol 1987; 43(6): 643-649.
Harter S, Alexander PC, Neimeyer RA. Long-term effects of incesstuous child-abuse in college-women: social adjustment, social cognition, and family characteristics. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988; 56(1): 5-8.
Helzer J, Robins L, McEvoy L. PTSD in general population: Findings of the epidemiologic catchment area survey. N Eng J Med 1987; 317(26): 1630-1634.
Hendin H, Haas AP. Suicide and guilt as manifestations of PTSD in Vietnam combat veterans. Am J Psychiatry 1991; 148(5):586-591.
Herman JL. A new diagnosis. In Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books, 1992: 115-129.
Johnson JG, Cohen P, Brown J, Smailes EM, Bernstein DP. Childhood maltreatment increases risk for personality disorders during early adulthood. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56(7): 600-606.
Karalı N, Yüksel Ş. Effects of forced migration on psychological problems seen after torture. Serbest bildiri. Fifth European Conference on Traumatic Stress: 1997 Haziran 29 Temmuz 3; Maastrich.
Kaylor JA, King DV, King LA. Psychological effects of military service in Vietnam: A meta-analysis. Psychol Bull 1987; 102(2): 257-271.
Keane TM, Scott WO, Chavoya GA, Lamparski DM, Fairbank JA.Social support in Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A comparative analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol 1985; 53(1): 95-102.
Kilpatrick D, Saunders B, Amick-McMullen A., Best,CL, Veronen LJ, Resnick HS. Victim and crime factors associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Behavior Therapy 1989 ;20: 199-214.
Laufer RS, Brett E, Gallops MS. Dimensions of posttraumatic stress disorder among Vietnam veterans. J Nerv Ment Dis 1985; 173 (9): 538-545.
Luntz BK, Widom CS. Antisocial personality disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. Am J Psychiatry 1994;151(5):670-674.
March JS. The nosology of posttraumatic stress disorder. J Anxiety Disord 1990; 4: 61-82.
Marmar CR, Weiss DS, Schlenger WE, Fairbank JA, Jordan BK, Kulka RA, Hough RL. Peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress in male Vietnam theater veterans. Am J Psychiatry 1994; 151(6): 902-907.
Pribor EF, Dinwiddie SH. Psychiatric correlates of incest in childhood. Am J Psychiatry. 1992; 149(1): 52-56.
Shore JH, Tatum EL, Vollmer WM. Evaluation of mental effects of disaster: Mount St. Helens eruption. Am J Public Health 1986; 76(3 Suppl): 76-83.
Silverman AB, Reinherz HZ, Giaconia RM. The long-term sequelae of child and adolescent abuse: a longitudinal community study. Child Abuse Negl 1996; 20(8): 709-723.
Solomon SD, Canino GJ. Appropriateness of the DSM-III-R criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder. Compr Psychiatry 1990; 31(3): 227-237.
Speed N, Engdahl B, Schwartz J, Eberly R. Posttraumatic stress disorder as a consequence of POW experience. J Nerv Ment Dis 1989; 177(3): 147-153.
Wenninger K, Heiman JR. Relating body image to pschological and sexual functioning in child sexual abuse survivors. J Trauma Stress 1998; 11(3): 543-562.
World Health Organization. The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Cenevre, Oxford University Press, 1992: 208-210.
Zlotnick C, Zakriski AL, Shea MT, Costello E, Begin A, Pearlstein T, Simpson E. The long-term sequelae of sexual abuse: support for a complex posttraumatic stress disorder.J Trauma Stress 1996; 9(2): 195-205.